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Pet Nutrition for Every Life Stage

Updated: Feb 13

Just like humans, our pets require a balanced and complete diet to thrive at every stage of their lives. Whether you have a playful puppy, a healthy adult cat or a senior dog with arthritis, providing the right nutrition is crucial for their overall health and longevity.

Puppies and Kittens

Puppies and kittens have specific nutritional requirements that differ from those of adult and senior pets. Young pets require a delicate balance of proteins, fats and energy to ensure strong bone growth, muscle development and overall health. The quantities and types of nutrients they require may vary based on their breed, size and activity level.

  • Protein is a crucial nutrient for the growth and development of puppies and kittens. They need higher levels of protein to build and maintain muscle mass, which is essential for their overall health. A deficiency in protein can result in stunted growth or muscle wastage, which can lead to long-term health problems.

  • Energy is equally important for young pets, as it helps to support their activity levels and growth. Puppies and kittens have a high metabolic rate, which means they need to consume more energy-dense foods than adult pets. A lack of energy can result in a weakened immune system, decreased activity and more susceptibility to disease.

  • It is also important to ensure that the food provided to puppies and kittens is nutritionally balanced and complete, which means that it contains all the necessary nutrients in the right proportions for optimal health. Royal Canin premium food is formulated specifically for puppies and kittens, as it contains higher levels of protein and energy.


Adult pets require a balanced diet that provides essential nutrients to support their maintenance and daily activities. Their nutritional needs differ from growing pets, focusing more on maintaining and supporting their existing body structure and functions. Key elements to consider in adult pet nutrition include protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals.

  • Protein remains a crucial component in the diet of adult pets, as it is responsible for tissue repair, muscle maintenance and overall body functioning.

  • Carbohydrates serve as an energy source for adult pets and can come from whole grains, vegetables and fruits. Complex carbohydrates supply slow-release energy, while fibre aids in proper digestion and gastrointestinal health.

  • Fats are an essential part of an adult pet's diet to provide energy, support healthy skin and coat, and facilitate the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

  • In addition to these macronutrients, adult pets require a well-balanced blend of vitamins and minerals for optimal health. These nutrients play essential roles in maintaining a strong immune system, promoting healthy organ function and supporting overall wellness.


As pets enter their senior years, their nutritional needs undergo several changes. These changes are essential to support their overall health, maintain a healthy weight and manage age-related conditions.

  • Weight management becomes increasingly important for senior pets. Obesity puts extra strain on their joints and can lead to various health problems, such as arthritis and heart disease. Proper nutrition and portion control play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy weight and preventing obesity.

  • Ageing can sometimes result in changes to the digestive system, including decreased absorption of nutrients and a decline in digestive enzyme production. Senior pets may benefit from diets that are easily digestible, contain high-quality proteins, and are rich in fibre to support their gastrointestinal health.

  • One of the most common age-related issues in pets is joint problems, such as arthritis and decreased mobility. Senior pets require diets with added nutrients like glucosamine, chondroitin and omega-3 fatty acids to support joint health, reduce inflammation and maintain mobility.

  • As pets age, their immune system may become less efficient. Including antioxidants, vitamins and minerals in their diet can help support their immune function and protect against oxidative damage caused by free radicals.

Understanding the unique nutritional requirements of pets as they grow from puppies and kittens to adults and seniors allows us to provide them with the optimal diet for their overall health and well-being. By recognising and meeting the nutritional needs of our pets at each life stage, we can help them live their lives to the fullest.


Have a chat with our qualified nurses, who can help you choose the best premium pet food formulated for your pet’s specific life stage.


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